There are two types of abortion: medical and surgical. The number of days a woman has been pregnant determines the abortion method. 

The Abortion Pill

The abortion pill is a medical abortion. It’s called a medical or chemical abortion because it uses drugs to terminate a pregnancy. 

A woman qualifies for the abortion pill if she’s been pregnant for 70 days or less since the first day of her last menstrual period.

Side Effects of The Abortion Pill

The Mayo Clinic lists the following potential side effects of medical abortion:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache

Potential Risks of the Abortion Pill

The Mayo Clinic also lists the following potential risks of the abortion pill:

  • Incomplete abortion which may need to be followed by a surgical abortion
  • An ongoing unwanted pregnancy if the abortion pill doesn’t work
  • Heavy and prolonged bleeding
  • Infection
  • Fever
  • Digestive system discomfort

Surgical Abortion

There are several types of surgical abortion. The length of the pregnancy determines the surgical method used. 

One procedure, performed in earlier weeks, is called Vacuum Aspiration. It uses suction or a vacuum to remove the pregnancy. 

Another method is dilation and curettage (D&C). In addition to the vacuum, a spoon-shaped surgical instrument scrapes the inside of the uterus. 

Dilation and evacuation (D&E) combines suction and the surgical instrument with forceps to remove all parts of the pregnancy.

Side Effects of Surgical Abortion 

According to Mayo Clinic, typical side effects of surgical abortions include:

  • Bleeding, including blood clots 
  • Cramping 
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sweating
  • Feeling faint

There are additional risks to watch out for:

  • Bleeding that’s heavy enough that you need to change pads every hour
  • Fever
  • Cramps lasting more than 48 hours
  • Pain that gets worse instead of better
  • Foul-smelling discharge from the vagina
  • Perforation of the uterus
  • Damage to the cervix
  • Scar tissue on the uterine wall
  • Infection

Get A Pre-Abortion Assessment

Choosing abortion is a big decision. Not only could there be physical consequences, but some women experience emotional and psychological problems too.

Come to Empower Life Center and receive a free and confidential pregnancy test and ultrasound to confirm your pregnancy. Talk to our compassionate team to learn more about your pregnancy options. Schedule your appointment today.